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Friday, December 28, 2012

Sanskrit sayings 4 - Women, Help, overindulgence, Tongue and leadership trait

Here we continue to part 4. I shall start with the importance of women in the society and continue this part.

Topic 1: Importance of women

यत्र नार्यस्तु पूज्यंते रमंते तत्र देवताः।
यत्र तास्तु न पूज्यंते तत्र सर्वाफलक्रियाः॥
Yatra naaryastu poojyante ramnte tatra devataaha
Yatra thaastu na poojyante tatra sarva phalakriyaaha!!

This quote highlights the importance we attached to women in the society. Angels and goddess won’t dwell in a place where women are not worshiped.
Where women are worshiped, goddesses dwell.
Where they are not worshiped, all actions are fruitless.

Topic 2: Remember and repay the help received

प्रथमवयसि पीतं तोयमल्पं स्मरन्त:
शिरसि निहितभारा नारिकेला नराणाम्।
ददति जलमनल्पास्वादमाजीवितान्तं
न हि कृतमुपकारं साधवो विस्मरन्ति॥
Prathamavayasi pitham thoyamalpam smarantham
Shirasi nihithabhaara naarikela naranaam
Dhadhathi jalamanalpasvaadhamaa jeevithaantham
Nahi kritamupakaaram saadhavo vismaranthi

The Coconut trees, remembering the little amount of water they were fed, when they were saplings, carry loads of coconuts on their top and supply humans with very-tasty and sweet water in abundance, for their life-span.
The Wise never forget a help received.

There is an equally beautiful poem in Tamil by Auvaiyaar which I want to quote with a word of caution. Please do not try to find out whether it came in Tamil first or Sanskrit. Both of them are beautiful as languages and had ocean of wisdom with them.

நன்றி ஒருவர்க்குச் செய்தக்கால் அந்நன்றி
என்று தருங்கோல் என வேண்டா - நின்று
தளரா வளர்தெங்கு தாளுண்ட நீரைத்
தலையாலே தான்தருத லால்.

Topic 3: An important trait  of leadership

अमंत्रमक्षरं नास्ति नास्ति मूलमनौषधम्‌।
अयोग्यः पुरुषो नास्ति योजकस्तत्र दुर्लभः॥
Amantram aksharam Naasti, naasti moolam aushadam
Ayogya: purusha naasti yojakasthram durlabha

This is a good quote for parents, teachers and managers esp. the third line, where it says that every individual has a potential and it is up to the leader to make use of them.

There is no letter which doesn't have charm (curative property).
There is no root which doesn't have medicinal property.
There is no man who is not able.
Rare is a person who knows its proper application.

Topic 4: Importance of tip of the tongue

लक्ष्मीर्वसति जिह्वाग्रे।
जिह्वाग्रे मित्रबान्धवा:।
जिह्वाग्रे बन्धनं प्राप्तं
जिह्वाग्रे मरणं ध्रुवम्। 
Lakshmir vasati jihvaagre
Jihvaagre mitrabaandhavaaha
Jihvaagre bandhan praaptham
Jihvaagre maranam Dhruvam

How careful you need to be with the tip of the tongue and the quote ranges from prosperity to death.

Prosperity resides on the tip of the tongue, friends are found there on it. The tip of your tongue has the capacity to arrest you and verily death resides on it for sure.

Topic 5: Overindulgence

अतिदानाद्बलिर्बद्धो ह्यतिमानात् ढुरियोधन:।
विनष्टो रावणो लौल्यादति सर्वत्र वर्जयेत्।
Atidhaanaad balir Bhadhdho hayatimanaat Dhuriyodhanaha!
Vinashto raavano laulyaadhathi sarvatra varjayet!!

Well! This is a gem of a quote which highlights extremes are very bad and we need to be balanced. It is a gem because even excessive charitable nature is to be shunned and it gives an example of King Bali, because of his excessive charitable nature he was killed.

(The demon king) Bali was vanquished due to his excessive charitable nature.

King Duryodhana was humbled for his excessive pride.
(Demon Emperor) Ravana was destroyed due to excessive womanising.
Hence one should shun excessiveness in all things.

So lets meet again in the next blog.

Happy reading!


  1. Amazing write-ups. I got to know about your blog thru periva books that you have been publishing. Long live your work.. Many thanks..